Whenever your bike is warped or wobbly to one side, it ought to be adjusted. Any cyclist who covers a lot of miles needs to have their wheels trued. Using a few simple tools, you can accomplish this task, and you will avoid riding inconveniences.
In this guide, you’ll get in-depth information on how to true your bike wheel at home.
Table of Contents
- 1 How to True Your Wheel at Home
- 2 Tools for Truing a Bike Wheel
- 3 Truing a Bicycle Wheel with a Stand
- 4 Truing a Bike Wheel without a Stand
- 5 How Much Does It Cost To True A Bike Wheel?
- 6 How to Know Whether the Wheels Are Out Of True
- 7 Rides That Wobble
- 8 Wheel Spinning
- 9 Bike Wheel Maintenance Tips
- 9.1 Tensioning Of Spokes and Truing Of Wheels
- 9.2 Freehubs and Bearings
- 9.3 Check Brake Surface and Rims
- 9.4 Greasing and Torquing Qr And Thru-Axles
- 9.5 Tires, Tubeless, Tubular, and Tubes
- 9.6 Periodically Clean The Wheels.
- 9.7 Clean Your Brake Pads
- 9.8 Clean Your Rims
- 9.9 It’s Not A Good Idea To Jet Wash The Hubs.
- 10 Conclusion
How to True Your Wheel at Home
Sometimes, hi-tech bike wheels feature locked spokes or fewer spokes, making them difficult to repair. If you cannot do it yourself, you should have your bike wheels serviced by an experienced technician.
However, it is possible to accurately true some wheels at home as long as you have the right tools. In the next section, you’ll learn about the tools you’ll need to do at-home bike truing.
Tools for Truing a Bike Wheel
Here are the tools you need to have when trying a bike wheel at home.
The Spoke Wrench
With the spoke wrench, you can adjust the nipples, which connect the spokes to the wheel. Although it is affordable, you must choose the appropriate size. If you don’t know the size of the nipple, you can ride to the bike shop or take the wheel there. Buying the right tool can only be accomplished this way.
A True Stand
With a truing stand, bike shop employees can keep the wheel at eye level, rotate it, and identify the exact location of the problem.
The Bright Light
For a wheel to be trued correctly, there must be sufficient light to see the wheels and spokes.
Truing a Bicycle Wheel with a Stand
Here is how to true a bike with a stand.
Put Your Wheel On The Truing Stand.
In this case, it’s about lateral alignment, when a wheel pulls to one side. Put your wheel on the truing stand after you remove it from the bike. Position the calipers upward on the stand, so they are level with the edge’s external edge.
Try Spinning The Wheel.
While the wheel is held in the stand, try to rotate it. Aim to change the distance between the calliper’s jaws to guarantee it sits simply over the edge. Ensure that the wheel isn’t swaying up or down – this will require outspread truing – or a visit to the bike shop.
Find the Buckle
As the wheel is turned slowly, slide the jaws into the rim till the lightest contact occurs. This will show where the wheel is most intensely clasped. By turning the wheel to and fro, you can find the buckle’s middle.
Determine Which Spoke Is Relevant.
Finding the wheel’s spokes that come from the right-hand side of the hub closest to the buckle center is crucial when the wheel pulls left. When pulling to the right, look for the corresponding spoke coming from the left.
Set the Tension Correctly
Make a half-turn with the nipple. Upon viewing the nipple from above (through the rim), it tightens clockwise; however, this is reversed when viewed in the stand, and it is tightened in an anticlockwise direction.
Make Sure You Double-Check Everything.
Check the result of your adjustment by moving the wheel back and forth. To make the tension more comfortable, adjust it further. Once the calliper has been tweaked a little, move on to the next buckle.
Truing a Bike Wheel without a Stand
Here are the steps to truing a wheel without a stand.
Find Out Whether the Wheel Spins
Some people may be able to roll home without touching the wheel. Let go of the brake and spin the wheel. If the wheel does not touch the brake pads and the frame or fork, it could be easier to repair it later. The brakes must stop the wheels, and you should ride very cautiously.
Be Sure To Check the Spokes.
As you turn the wheel, pull pairs of spokes in turn and squeeze. Any loose spokes will be apparent. Unless there has been an accident, the wheel may have simply slackened off and tightened the spoke may ensure the wheel straightens quickly so you can drive home to perform a more comprehensive evaluation.
Identify the Buckle
When the spokes on the left side are tightened, they pull the rim to the left, while the spokes on the right do the opposite. When you’re sure of the spoke that needs tightening, attach the spoke key and give it a quarter-turn counterclockwise.
Adjust Tightness or Looseness
Spin the wheel intermittently and make minor adjustments to see the effect they have. By turning the spokes in a clockwise direction, you may be able to loosen the ones adjacent to the one you’re tightening. There’s a risk of throwing a wheel’s balance off. Do your best not to do it.
It Would Be Best If You Got It Checked Out.
It’s amazing how complex wheels are. Regardless of whether the spokes appear to be spinning happily, the tension must be even. It’s worth getting a mechanic to examine them properly if you’re uncertain of their condition following an accident.
How Much Does It Cost To True A Bike Wheel?
A bike shop will charge $20 – $30 to fix a fixable wheel but has a wobble. Your local bike shop will use professional equipment like a truing stand to ensure the wheel is rounded and straight.
How to Know Whether the Wheels Are Out Of True
Here is how to know whether your wheels need truing.
The Brake Rubbing
The next time you notice rubbing between your brake pad and the wheels of the rim, you need to think about truing the wheels.
When you ride a bike that is out of true, you may end up paying a lot for it later. Moreover, it will interfere with other wheels on your bicycle and the rest of it. Also, the brake pad may touch the wheel rim and hinder wheel rotation, resulting in a dangerous situation.
Rides That Wobble
There is a need to true the wheels if there is a wobble or loss of balance when riding at high speeds. If your wheels are not visibly bent, the wobble may be related to them being out of truing.
When you spin the wheels with the bike elevated, you can determine whether they are out of tune. When the space between the rim and brake pad changes while the wheel is spinning, the wheel is no longer in a true position. Make sure you inspect both sides of the wheel. Furthermore, you must keep in mind that if one wheel is unsuitable, the entire bike will be unstable. It is, therefore, necessary to true both wheels in such a situation.
Grasp the spokes with your fingers and squeeze them. When you have a loose spoke, you should be able to tell right away.
Examine the Rim
You might have a bent wheel if your wheels have dents and bulges. This is more serious because it means that you have structural damage to your wheel. Similarly, replacing or repairing the wheel by a professional is recommended in such conditions.
Bike Wheel Maintenance Tips
Your bicycle wheels are what you use to explore the territory. The more you care for them, the better they’ll care for you. Here is a guide that will show you how to keep perhaps the main parts in your bicycle.
Tensioning Of Spokes and Truing Of Wheels
In a wheelset, this is the most significant element. When it comes to wheel performance, it is imperative that you have the correct spoke tension and that your wheels are true. In the event that there is an issue with one of the spokes, it will, therefore, change the pressure of the remaining spokes, resulting in untrue wheel.
It is entirely typical for wheels to lose strain after some time, contingent upon the terrain being ridden on, the effect that the edge gets, the manner in which the bicycle is ridden, the rider’s weight, the sort of tires, and the pressure of the tire.
Both mountain bikes and road bikes should have their spoke tension checked regularly, regardless of whether the wheel is true. When performing this work, it is vital to employ a qualified mechanic and use the correct tools. Misuse of these tools can significantly damage the spokes.
Freehubs and Bearings
In addition to spokes, bearings are another critical component to inspect regularly on any wheelset. If you ride in dry, mud-free conditions, then it is recommended to check the front and rear hub bearings every eight weeks. Make sure the bearings are clean and re-greased.
If you have an air compressor, then you can use it to blow them out. You don’t have to eliminate them from the center; eliminate washers and adaptors, clean them with a cloth and degreaser, and install them once more. The individuals who routinely ride in wet, soggy, or sloppy conditions are prescribed for conducting these checks at least once a month
If you want to know if the bearings have worn out, simply move them with your finger as they are mounted and determine whether they turn freely or grind. Also, it is suggested you check for any sidelong play in them, which can indicate wear.
Consider changing the bearings if there is excessive friction. Most rear hubs are furnished with two sets of inward bearings that should be checked and, if conceivable, replaced. As you check the rear hub, don’t forget to clean and lubricate the freehub body, pawls, and springs. Cleaning and re-greasing the bearings with the correct lubricants is always recommended.
The bearings usually have an open design in cheaper wheelsets, which means that regreasing and cleaning take more time, and regular maintenance is also required. Bearing replacement is an inexpensive and straightforward procedure. It is recommended that the final adjustment of the cones on these types of wheels be conducted with the right cone spanners so the wheel can turn uninhibitedly and with sufficient bearing play.
Check Brake Surface and Rims
It is advisable to check the alloy and carbon rims internally and externally at least once a year. Ensure the braking surface is clean, the braking surface is not cracked, and the lip of the rim does not show any damage signs that may interfere with the proper seating of the tire or the inability to seal tubeless rims.
It is advisable to check the rim strip if you are dealing with standard tubed rims. This will ensure that there is proper placement and no holes or loose metal fragments might cause a puncture. Ensure the correct brake pads are fitted to road wheels since carbon rims need a special compound to prevent damage.
Greasing and Torquing Qr And Thru-Axles
Before every ride, make sure both quick release and through axles are in good condition. You should make sure the levers and screws are in the right place, and the screws are tight. It’s recommended to practice periodic cleaning and re-greasing to enhance easy fitting and removal without damaging the forks or frames. A torque wrench should be used when the axles do not comply with factory torque recommendations.
Also, keep in mind that they need to be seated correctly within the frame and/or fork when installing wheels. As a rule, wheels that are attached via axles will always sit at the correct angle. However, wheels attached to QR type axles are prone to sitting at an angle if they aren’t handled carefully. Before you start riding, make sure both wheels are positioned and tightened properly.
Tires, Tubeless, Tubular, and Tubes
To maintain a tire system, it’s important to check them regularly, regardless of the kind of system being used. Using a traditional tube/tire combination, make sure the valve is not angled and the rim strip is centered when inflating the tire.
If the gluing process for tubular tires isn’t conducted effectively, they won’t sit fixated on the edge or, in the direst outcome imaginable, can fall off when riding and injure the rider. Our recommendation is to take your road bike to your nearest road bike specialist if you’re unsure how to fit tubular tires.
Tubeless systems require regular sealant sealing and check to ensure that the valves are tightened correctly and don’t leak. No matter which type of tire is used (conventional, tubeless, or tubular), check for damage signs, holes, or cuts which could lead to a blowout and replace them immediately if they do.
Periodically Clean The Wheels.
When you have ridden on a dusty or muddy road, you’ll want to wash the wheels and then wipe them down with a rag. Braking surfaces require special care and attention. On a rim brake surface, you should clean it with water and mild soap.
When cleaning rim brakes or disc brakes, use isopropyl alcohol (the higher the percent, the better) and be sure only to use clean rags. In drug stores, you can buy isopropyl alcohol.
It would be best if you did not use rubbing alcohol since they often contain oil. Special brake cleaning compounds remove all residue from disc surfaces since they won’t leave any behind. There should be disc brake cleaning solutions available in bike shops, online stores, or motorcycle shops.
Ensure that dirt and grime do not collect around the hub’s seals since dirt can infiltrate these areas and contact the bearings. Waterproof grease can be applied if you need additional protection. You should pay attention to any problem areas, and clean/reapply more frequently as this also attracts dirt.
Clean Your Brake Pads
As you ride (especially during winter), your brake pads are inevitably going to pick up grit and glass from the road, as well as bits of metal from your aluminium rims. As a result, the braking surface of your wheels may wear down over time, and carbon rims may be damaged beyond repair.
Therefore, you should pay particular attention to the brake pads when cleaning your bike during a regular (hopefully regular) routine, picking up bits of metal and cleaning out the grooves with a flathead screwdriver. This will also allow you to check the brake pads wear and possibly invest in new ones if overly worn.
Clean Your Rims
Keeping your rims clean is just as important as maintaining your brake pads. Mud on your rims will not only make braking less effective but will also cause premature rim and pad wear.
You spray a bit of isopropyl alcohol on your rims and wipe them down with a soft cloth (you can also use this on your disc rotors for cleaning).
It’s Not A Good Idea To Jet Wash The Hubs.
Cycles can benefit from pressure washers, but they shouldn’t be used to wash wheels. Your hubs should never be sprayed with high-pressure water, which will actually damage your bearings.
Use hot water and soap to clean the hubs. A wheel cleaning brush can help you get in between spokes and clean the hub thoroughly, although it might take more effort than just blasting any dirt off with a jet washer.
A wheel’s rim can be damaged by anything that hits it-whether it’s hitting a curb, hitting a rock, or running over a pothole. Therefore, to guarantee that your bike rolls smoothly and safely, it’s important to true the wheels from time to time, so they remain straight and warp-free.
A wheel can be trued at home by tightening and loosening its spoke nipples to realign warped sections of the rim. Even though truing takes time and is tedious, it will improve the functionality of your bike.